Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 6 No. 4

Investigation on Species Composition of Hard Tick (Metastigmata: Ixodidae) Vectors of Different Microbiological Agents in Sari County, Iran

F. Motevalli Haghi1, K. Shemshad2, G. Razmi3, R.A. Mohammadpoor6 and J. Rafinejad4,5*

1Department of Medical Entomology, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. 2Department of Medical Entomology, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Sari, Iran. 3Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. 4Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O.Box 14155-6446, Tehran, Iran. 5Center for Solid Waste Research (CSWR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 6Department of Statistic, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Received on 20 March 2012 and accepted on 07 May 2012

 

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces the first faunestic, abundance and distribution of ixodid ticks in Sari County, Iran by inspecting domestic ruminants. A total of 2356 domestic ruminants were examined for ticks. The species collected from livestock showed presence and abundance of six species in four genera. The most abundant species were Hyalomma marginatum (41.2%) followed by Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum (21.35%) and Ixodes ricinus (17.78%). Ixodid tick infestations on hosts were 46.16%, 32.49% and 21.35% for goats, cattle and sheep, respectively. The seasons of highest infestation were fall and spring, the least being winter and summer. The occurrences of the ticks on various parts of the hostsí body were different. Based on the results veterinary and public health investigations are necessary in the study area.

Keywords : Distribution, Hard ticks, Domestic ruminants, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran.