Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 6 No. 4

Antimicrobial Resistance of Campylobacter Species Isolated from Fecal Samples from Cats and Dogs in Iran

Ali Chakeri1, Mohammad Sadegh Hajian Foroushani2, Zeinab Torki3, Ebrahim Rahimi4* and Abdol Ghaffar Ebadi5

1Graduated Student of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran. 2Under Graduated Student of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran. 3Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran. 4Department of Food Hygiene, College of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran. 5Department of Agriculture, Jouybar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jouybar, Iran.

Received on 30 September 2012 and accepted on 16 November 2012

 

ABSTRACT

Surveillance and timely reporting of antimicrobial resistance patterns in Campylobacter spp. may provide important information to support actions directed at reducing the occurrence of resistance. In this study the antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. isolated from 173 samples of fresh feces from pet dogs (n = 126) and cats (n = 47) were investigated . Isolates were tested for susceptibility to antimicrobial drugs by the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method using Mueller-Hinton agar according to the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute. In this study, 61 of 173 fecal samples (35.3%) were found to be contaminated with Campylobacter. Campylobacter spp. were isolated from 48 dogs (38.1%) and from 13 cats (27.7%). Susceptibilities of 61 Campylobacter isolates were determined for 10 antimicrobial drugs. Most of the Campylobacter isolates (62.3%; n=38) were resistant to one or more antimicrobial agents. Resistance to ciprofloxacin was the most common finding (41.0%), followed by resistance to tetracycline (39.3%), and nalidixic acid (34.4%). None of the dogs and cats isolates was resistant to chloramphenicol, and erythromycin. To reduce resistance rates in these pathogens, surveillance, research and the use of alternatives to antimicrobial treatment like vaccination are recommended.

Keywords : Antimicrobial resistance, Dogs, Campylobacter, Cats.