ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Muhammad Imran Khan1,2 , Fadia Kalsoom3, Fakhra Batool4, Ahsan Kazmi5, Qurat-ul-ain Zahra1, Muhammad Bilal6 , Rizwan Ali1, Ajkia Zaman Juthi1 and Hafiz M.N. Iqbal7
1Hefei National Lab for Physical Sciences at the Microscale and the Centers for Biomedical Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027, China.
2Blood Unit, Benazir Bhutto Hospital Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan.
3Agha University Hospital Laboratory Specimen Collection Unit, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan.
4Department of Chemistry, Government College Women University Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan.
5Department of Pathology, Al-Nafees Medical College and Hospital, Isra University Islamabad 45600, Pakistan.
6School of Life Science and Food Engineering, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian 223003, China.
7Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Campus Monterre, Ave. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, CP 64849 Monterrey, Mexico.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2020;14(2):1279-1286 | Article Number: 6291
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.14.2.23 | © The Author(s). 2020
Received: 02/04/2020 | Accepted: 23/04/2020 | Published: 28/04/2020
Abstract

Uncontrolled prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections is known to be a global health problem. Many cases are undiagnosed yet. So, this study focusses on the undiagnosed existence of viral infection of hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C infection (HCV) in hospitalized patients and outdoor attendees to draw a more accurate picture of the prevalence of HBV and HCV. A cross-sectional observational study at Benazir Bhutto hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan continued for seven months and included hospitalized patients and outdoor attendees. Venous blood collected from 2003 subjects and processed to investigate infection by ELISA. We observed the overall prevalence of HBV was 2.6% and HCV was 10.98%. Further 4.2% was the highest infection rate of HBV in patients of Surgery and Medicine and the lowest in Orthopedics, Urology, Gynecology and Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Intensive Care Unit, Ear Throat and Nose, Eye >0.001%. We found the highest rate of HCV infection was in Medicine 22.90% and the lowest was in Pediatrics >0.001%. For the age, the HBV infection was found to be 4.55% the most prevalent in the age range of 61–75 and the lowest >0.001% in 76–90 years. Age group 46–60 years showed the highest 19.07% and 16–30 years the lowest 6.44% prevalence of HCV infection. Observed HBV-positive participants were 60.78% males and 39.22% females. While among the participants, males contributed 50.90% H C Virus infections and females contributed 49.10% infections. Although undiagnosed but prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infection is very high. Therefore, some effective strategies should be implemented.

Keywords

Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Public Policy, Enzyme assays, Prevalence

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© The Author(s) 2020. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.