Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 11 No. 4

In vitro and In vivo Anti-Filarial Effect of Tetracycline/ Doxycycline

Subuhi Khan1*, Vanadana Dixit1, Salauddin Qureshi2, AK Gupta3 and GBKS Prasad1

1School of Studies in Biochemistry, Jiwaji University, Gwalior- 474011, India. 2 IVRI, Izatnagar, India. 3School of Life Sciences, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur - 492 010, India.

Received on 09 November 2017 and accepted on 24 December 2017

 

ABSTRACT

Tetracycline is an established antibiotic and is targets to Wolbachia endosymbiont present within the filarial worms. Antibiotic treatment of filarial nematodes results in sterility and inhibits larval development and adult worm viability; this is due to effect on the Wolbachia. In the present study in vitro and in vivo anti-filarial effect of different concentration of tetracycline/ doxycycline was determined. In vitro results indicated that 50 g/ml and 100 g/ml tetracycline concentrations affects the motility in both microfilariae and adult worms of B. malayi. The loss of motility was efficiently higher in female adult worms than male adult worms, could be attributed to the differences in Wolbachia load of the filarial worms. 14 (10 Male and 4 female) microfilaraemic subjects were treated with doxycycline @ 200mg/day for 30 days to study the in vivo filaricidal effect. In which the mean mf counts were gradually decreased after doxycycline treatment in both male and female subjects upto 6 months. The findings suggest that tetracycline/ doxycycline treatment can eliminate or reduce the mf load due to targeting Wolbachia endosymbiont therefore provide good tool for treatment and to hamper the transmission of filariasis from one host to another.

Keywords : Wolbachia, Tetracycline, Doxycycline, in vitro, Filariasis, Brugia malayi.