Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 11 No. 2

Suitable Integrated Approach for Management of Fusarium Wilt of Tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Sacc.)

Kishan Lal, Pappu Singh, S. K. Biswas*, Supriya Yadav, Virendra Kumar and Narender Kumar

Department of Plant Pathology, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur-208002, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Received on 02 August 2016 and accepted on 07 October 2016

 

ABSTRACT

Among the different integrated approaches for management of Fusarium wilt and their effect on growth and yield parameters of tomato revealed that soil application of FYM @ 100gm/pot + Neem cake @ 100gm/pot + seedling treatment with bio-formulation of Azotobater @ 5% + foliar spray of Carbendazim @ 0.1% was showing minimum disease incidence with 6.23, 10.11 and 15.03 per cent at 7, 14 and 21 days after inoculation, respectively. The observations on plant height of tomato was found in T3 treatment representing the value 17.00, 18.85, 20.66, 22.10, 24.10 and 27.30 cm at 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 days age of seedling, respectively against the minimum plant height i.e. 10.42, 10.92, 11.56, 11.76, and 12.55 in case of control (T10). The effect of integrated approach on branching of shoot in tomato was estimated at 85 days age of plant which revealed the maximum number of branch with 5.00 was found in case of soil application of FYM @ 100gm/pot + Neem cake@ 100gm/pot + seedling treatment with bio-formulation of Azotobater @ 5% + foliar spray of Carbendazim @ 0.1% whereas, in case of control it was only 2.33. The morphological character of roots was examined and recorded developed robust root system in T3 treatment while the less fibrous, weakly developed roots in control. The maximum yield was recorded per plant in T3 treatment (soil application of FYM @ 100gm/pot + Neem cake @ 100gm/pot + seedling treatment with bio-formulation of Azotobator @ 5% +foliar spray of Carbendazim @0.1%.) represented the value 490.30g per plant. Similarly, the maximum large size tuber with 4 in number was recorded in treatment T3 (soil application of FYM@ 100gm/pot+ Neem cake@ 100gm/pot + seedling treatment with bio-formulation of Azotobator@5% +foliar spray of Carbendazim @ 0.1%) followed by treatment T9 (Soil application of FYM @ 100 gm/pot + Neem cake @ 100 gm +seedling treatment with bio-formulation of T. viride + foliar spray Carbendazim @0.1%) as 03.

Keywords : Fusarium wilt, Biofertilizers, Growth parameters, Disease severity, Root length.