Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 11 No. 1

Evaluation of Rice Varieties against Multiple Diseases Under Middle IGP of Bihar

N. Bhakta, Rahul Kumar*, J.S. Mishra, Ved Prakash, K.K. Rao, Shikha Yadav, Kundan Kumar Jaiswal, Shiv Shankar Kumar, Basant Kumar Sharma, Kamal Sarma, Bikash Sarkar and B.P. Bhatt

ICAR-Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna - 800 014, India.

Received on 17 December 2016 and accepted on 20 January 2017

 

ABSTRACT

An investigation was carried out to evaluate the susceptibility of rice cultivation to major field diseases like brown spot, sheath blight and bacterial leaf blight under middle Indo Gangetic Plain. The disease incidence and disease severity were observed at three different growth stages namely flowering, milk and maturity in boro seasons during 2015-16. The incidence of brown spot ranged from 8.93 to 17.83%, 16.67 to 25.67% and 18.33 to 28.33% at flowering, milk and maturity stages, respectively. The severity of brown spot in grade (0-9 scale) ranged from 5.13 to 10.33, 9.33 to 20.00 and 11.57 to 22.67, respectively at flowering, milk and maturity stages. The incidence of sheath blight of paddy ranged from 7. 03 to 16.50%, 13.13 to 22.67% and 19.67 to 35.67% at flowering, milk and maturity stages, respectively. The severity of sheath blight in grade (0-9 scale) ranged from 4.00 to 8.60, 8.33 to 13.93 and 18.33 to 34.33, respectively at flowering, milk and maturity stages. The incidence of bacterial leaf blight ranged from 5.00 to 14.00%, 11.43 to 21.00% and 17.00 to 34.00% at flowering, milk and maturity stages, respectively. The severity of bacterial leaf blight in grade (0-9 scale) ranged from 2.00 to 8.00%, 6.33 to 12.05% and 14.47 to 20.17%, respectively at flowering, milk and maturity stages. Among the varieties, the highest incidence and severity of Brown spot was recorded on Rajendra Bhagawati whereas it was lowest on 27P31 at all growth stages. In the case of Sheath blight, highest incidence and severity was recorded on Sambha Mahsuri whereas it was the lowest on CRL 193. Beside this in the case of Bacterial leaf blight, the highest incidence and severity was recorded on Kranti whereas the lowest was recorded on CRL 193. In general, it was observed that the incidence and severity of diseases increased gradually from flowering to maturity stage and the genotypes with the minimum incidence and severity of diseases gave the maximum yield.

Keywords : Rice, boro, BLB, brown spot and sheath blight.