Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 11 No. 1

Occurrence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Aeromonas hydrophila Isolates among Diarrhoeic Patients From University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

S. Mailafia1, W. Nafarnda2 and M.Y. Sugun3

1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Microbiology, University of Abuja, Nigeria. 2Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Abuja, Nigeria. 3Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Received on 16 July 2016 and accepted on 28 August 2016

 

ABSTRACT

The present study is the first to be conducted in order to determine the occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Aeromonas hydrophila strains from diarrheic patients attending University of Abuja Teaching Hospital in Nigeria. A total of 153 stool samples were collected from out patients attending University of Abuja Teaching Hospital (UATH). The diarrhoeic patients were screened for the presence of Aeromonas hydrophila using routine cultural methods and biochemical characterization. Our results did show that the overall isolation rate is (3. 92%). The prevalence per age group is presented showed that age group 26-30 years having the highest rate of (1.31%) of the total sample analysed. Age groups 11-15 and 16-20 years having the same prevalence rate of (0.65%) each, while the age groups d5, 6-10 and >30 had no prevalence for Aeromonas hydrophila. The distribution of A. hydrophila infection among different sexes has shown that (2.22%) out of the six A.hydrophila were isolated from diarrheic stools collected from males, while (6.35%) were isolated from females. Statistical analysis showed that X2 yates corrected)= 0.05 P= 0.596, OR=1.10 (0.50

Keywords : Aeromonas, diarrhoea, antibiotic, susceptibility testing, Occurrence.