Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 8 No. 6

Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis among Iranian Women, Tehran, Iran

Gita Eslami1, Roya Torabizadeh2, Hossein Goudarzi1, Maryam Sadat Hosseini3, Farah Farzaneh3, Donya Khosravi3 and Mehdi Gudarzi1

1Departement of Medical Microbiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 2International Branch, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 3Departement of Gyneycology, Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

Received on 06 April 2014 and accepted on 19 August 2014

 

ABSTRACT

Sexually transmitted infection (STIs) are a major global cause of acute lleness,infertility ,long term disability and death with sever medical psychological consequence for millions of men,women and infants.Meanwhile Chlamydia trachomatis which is a gram negative bacteria could places a heavy burden on women and neonatal health,consist of chronic pelvic pain, pelvic inflammatory disease ,ectopic pregnancy,infertility , infant pneomonia and neonatal ophtalmia.The world health organization (WHO) estimated that 90 million cases occur annually on a global basis and in young women the proportion infected ranges from 8-40%, with a median of about 15%. In Iran the information about prevalence of chlamydia trachomatis is rare, so having more information could help to prepare complete estatic about situation of infection and also could help to mother and children healthy. In this study we had 3 groups of women who reffered to gynecologist for genital problems, D&C or spontanous abortion .with dacron swab ,specimens were gathered and placed in 2sp medium for each paitent and rereservoir in -70c refrigerator for molecular detection. Consequently with 2 pairs of primers Nested PCR were done. Our result revealed that the preavalence of chlamydiat Trachomatis among 3 groups in order of was 35%,43%,43.8%,Mean of prevalence between 3 groups was: 40.6% , there is not significant difference between 3groups.

Keywords : Chlamydia trachomatis,Genital infection,Prevalence.